Elections of representatives to the Croatian Parliament
Representatives to the Croatian Parliament are elected by direct, secret vote. Their mandate lasts for four years. The representative mandate is not imperative and is not revocable.
Regular elections for the representatives for the Croatian Parliament are held every four years. The President of the Republic calls for the election.
Croatian citizens of the Republic of Croatia aged 18 years have the right to vote on these elections. Croatian citizens aged 18 years or older may stand for the election to an office of representative, regardless of their place of residence. Elections shall be conducted at polling stations in the territory of the Republic of Croatia and at diplomatic missions and consulates of the Republic of Croatia abroad.
Voters may vote at special polling stations determined for voters who have permanent residence in the Republic of Croatia and who are serving in the armed forces of the Republic of Croatia on the election day; voters who are in peacekeeping operations and missions on the election day; voters who are members of the crews of marine or river ships under the Croatian flag and are outside of the borders of the Republic of Croatia, on floating objects in the internal waters and territorial sea of the Republic of Croatia; voters who are placed in social welfare institutions and voters deprived of their liberty.
A representative may not simultaneously perform the duty of a representative and hold any of the following offices listed in the Article 9, Paragraph 1, of the Act on the Representatives to the Croatian Parliament.
Lists for the election of representatives may be proposed independently by one political party or by two or more political parties which are registered in the Republic of Croatia (coalition list) or by voters on the day the Decision to call the elections is announced. Political parties and voters shall propose candidate lists on the basis of validly collected signatures.
In accordance with the Constitutional Act on the Rights of National Minorities, national minorities which are appropriately represented in the total population of the Republic of Croatia shall have the right to elect eight representatives to the Croatian Parliament, which are elected in a separate (XII) electoral district. Political parties registered in the Republic of Croatia, voters and associations of national minorities shall have the right to propose candidates for the representatives of the national minorities and their deputies. Candidates are proposed on the basis of validly collected signatures.
Bodies carrying out these elections are: the State Electoral Commission of the Republic of Croatian, municipal electoral commissions, electoral commissions of cities and electoral commissions.
The election campaign starts as of the day of announcing a list of candidates, and stops 24h before the Election Day. On the day before the election and on Election Day, until the closing of the polling station at 7 p.m., it is not allowed to conduct the election campaign or to publish premature results or any evaluation of results of the election.
The electoral districts are stipulated by a special act. 14 representatives are elected from ten electoral districts. Voters that do not have a place of residence in the Republic of Croatia elect 3 representatives in separate (XI) electoral district. National minorities which present in the total population of the Republic of Croatia are entitled to 8 representatives in the Croatian Parliament, which are elected for a separate (XII) electoral district. Representatives of the I - XI electoral district are elected by proportional election method and preferential voting. Voters may vote for only one candidate list. On the ballot, a voter may mark one candidate that has the advantage over the other candidates on the list for which he voted. (preferential vote)
Representatives of the XII electoral district are elected by majority electoral system.
The Ethics Commission, appointed by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia, evaluates the conduct of participants in the elections during election campaign promotion and the election procedure itself, and conducts the extra-administrative oversight of election campaigns.
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia oversees the constitutionality and legality of the elections. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia also resolves electoral disputes out of the competence of courts, deciding on complaints against decisions brought by competent electoral commissions.
Political parties, voters who nominated candidates, non-governmental organizations and international organizations active in the Republic of Croatia are entitled to monitor the electoral process. The right of monitoring includes the observation of the entire electoral process.
Electoral campaign financing is regulated by the Political Activity and Election Campaign Financing Act.