Elections for members of the representative bodies of units of local and regional self-government

Members of the representative bodies are elected by direct, secret vote.

The regular elections for members of the representative bodies of units are held on the third Sunday in May every fourth year, at the same time as the elections for municipality heads, mayors, and county prefects and their deputies. The Croatian Government calls for the elections.

All citizens over the age of eighteen, having their residence in the areas of local and regional self-government in which the election takes place, have the right to elect.

All citizens over the age of eighteen, having their residence in the areas of local and regional self-government in which the election takes place on the day of announcing the elections, have the right to be elected for a member of the representative body.

After the Croatian accession to the European Union, nationals of other EU Member States will also have the right to elect in these elections, and the right to be elected as a member of the representative body of local and regional self-government, in accordance with a special law.

Candidate should not be police officers, active military personnel, as well as officers and employees of the Armed Forces.

Members of the representative body of the local or regional self-government unit cannot simultaneously perform any of duties specified in the Article 78 of the Local Elections Act. A person holding an incompatible office may be nominated as a member of the representative body, and, if elected as a member of the representative body, should, before the day of acceptance as a member of the representative body, inform the governing body of the unit responsible for representative body on the performance of incompatible duties.

Candidates for representatives may be proposed by political parties registered in the Republic of Croatia. Two or more political parties can propose a joint candidate.

Bodies carrying out these elections are: the State Electoral Commission of the Republic of Croatian, municipal electoral commissions, electoral commissions of cities and electoral commissions.
Electoral campaign begins on the date of publishing the aggregate list, and ends 24 hours before the Election Day.

The election silence begins together with the expiry of the electoral campaign, and ends on Election Day at 7 p.m. hours. During the election silence it is prohibited to publicly present and explain the electoral program to voters, coax voters to vote for a particular candidate or list of candidates, publish estimates of the election results as well as the publication of the previous, unofficial election results, statements and interviews of participants of the electoral campaign and voting of their statements or written work. The cost of election campaigns and the right to compensation shall be regulated by a special act – the Political Activity and Election Campaign Financing Act.

Members of the representative body are elected by the proportional electoral system, so that the entire area of the municipality or city, county or City of Zagreb makes one constituency.

General supervision of the constitutionality and legality of the election for members of the representative bodies is performed by the Constitutional Court in accordance with the Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia and that Court also resolve disputes in accordance with provisions of the Local Elections Act.

Electoral campaign financing is regulated by the Political Activity and Election Campaign Financing Act.

The right of citizens of other European Union Member States in elections for representative bodies of local and regional self-government units

Nationals of the European Union Member States, residing either permanently or temporarily in the unit holding the election, have the right to vote for members of the representative body of that unit and to stand as a candidate for members of the representative body of that unit.

Nationals of other European Union Member States shall submit the request for an entry on the electoral roll to authorities competent for managing the role according to the place of permanent or temporary residence, at the latest 30 days before the elections.

Nationals of other European Union Member States may stand as a candidate and be chosen a member of the unit's representative body under the same conditions as nationals of the Republic of Croatia, as laid down in the Act on the Election of Members of the Representative Bodies of Local and Regional Self-government Units.

Nationals of other European Union Member States may stand as a candidate and be chosen a member of the unit's representative body under the same conditions as nationals of the Republic of Croatia, as laid down in the Act on the Election of Members of the Representative Bodies of Local and Regional Self-government Units provided that they were not deprived of the legal capacity through a legally effective court decision in the Republic of Croatia or a European Union Member State, that is, that they were not deprived of their right to stand as a candidate through a criminal law or civil law decision.

Where lists of candidates for members of the representative bodies include a candidate who is a national of other European Union Member States, the list of candidates or his application must be accompanied by a declaration legalised by the notary public stating his nationality and his address of permanent or temporary residence on the territory of the unit holding the election as well as a proof or a document from competent state authorities of the Member State of which he is a national certifying that he has not been deprived of the right to stand as a candidate in that Member State or that they are not aware of the existence of such disqualification.